KIA Niro: Exhaust Emission Control System

Description

Exhaust emissions (CO, HC, NOx) are controlled by a combination of engine modifications and the
addition of special control components.

Modifications to the combustion chamber, intake manifold, camshaft and ignition system form the
basic control system.

These items have been integrated into a highly effective system which controls exhaust emissions
while maintaining good drivability and fuel economy.

Description

The catalytic converter of the gasoline engine is a three way catalyst. It oxidizes carbon monoxide and hydrocarbons (HC), and separates oxygen from the oxides of nitrogen (NOx).

Catalytic Converter (WCC)

CVVT (Continuous Variable Valve Timing) System Description and operation

CVVT (Continuous Variable Valve Timing) System Description and operation

Description

Continuous Variable Valve Timing (CVVT) system advances or retards the valve timing of the intake and exhaust valve in accordance with the ECM control signal which is calculated by the engine speed and load.

By controlling CVVT, the valve overlap or underlap occurs, which makes better fuel economy, reduces exhaust gases (NOx, HC) and improves engine performance by reducing pumping loss, giving internal EGR effect, improving combustion stability and volumetric efficiency, and increasing expansion work.

This system consists of

  • the CVVT Oil Control Valve (OCV) which supplies the engine oil to the cam phaser or takes out the engine oil from the cam phaser in accordance with the ECM
    PWM (Pulse Width Modulation) control signal,
  • the CVVT Oil Temperature Sensor (OTS) which measures the engine oil temperature,
  • Cam Phaser : Changes the cam phase by using the hydraulic force of the engine oil.

The engine oil which is supplied from the CVVT oil control valve changes the cam phase in the direction (Intake Advance/Exhaust Retard) or opposite direction (Intake Retard/Exhaust Advance) of the engine rotation by rotating the rotor connected with the camshaft inside the cam phaser.

Intermediate Lock CVVT

Intermediate Lock CVVT

It increases the retarded amount compared to the default state to expand the operating range of the variable valve timing system.

The cam phase is fixed mechanically so that it is locked at the middle position. OperationOperation

Operation
Principle

The CVVT has the mechanism of rotating the rotor vane with hydraulic force generated by the engine oil supplied to the advance or retard chamber in accordance with
the CVVT oil control valve control.

Warning

  • The variable force solenoid (VFS) changes its force depending on the PWM duty to control the stroke of the OCV.
  • It also controls the lock, unlock, advanced, retarded, and holding functions.
  1. Intake CVVT Exhaust CVVT
  2. Exhaust CVVT

CVVT System Mode

Low Speed / Low Load Low Speed / Low Load

Partial Load Partial Load

Low Speed / High Load Low Speed / High Load

High Speed / High Load High Speed / High Load

Circuit Diagram

Circuit Diagram

Diagram Variable Force Solenoind (VFS) (Bank 1 / Intake)

Harness Connector

Harness Connector

CVVT Oil Control Valve (OCV) (Bank 1 / Exhaust)

CVVT Oil Control Valve (OCV) (Bank 1 / Exhaust)

Harness Connector

Harness Connector

Inspection

Inspection

CVVT Oil Control Valve (OCV)

Refer to Engine Control / Fuel System - "CVVT Oil Control Valve (OCV)"

Removal

Variable Force Solenoind (VFS)

Refer to Engine Control / Fuel System - "Variable Force Solenoind (VFS)"

CVVT Oil Control Valve (OCV)

Refer to Engine Control / Fuel System - "CVVT Oil Control Valve (OCV)"

Installation

Variable Force Solenoind (VFS)

Refer to Engine Control / Fuel System - "Variable Force Solenoind (VFS)"

CVVT Oil Control Valve (OCV)

Refer to Engine Control / Fuel System - "CVVT Oil Control Valve (OCV)"

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