KIA Niro: Electrical Circuit Inspection Procedure

  • Check Open Circuit
  1. Procedures for Open Circuit
  • Continuity Check
  • Voltage Check

If an open circuit occurs (as seen in (FIG. 1)), it can be found by performing Step 2 (Continuity Check Method) or Step 3 (Voltage Check Method) as shown below.

  1. Continuity Check Method

Warning

When measuring for resistance, lightly shake the wire harness above and below or from side to side.

Specification (Resistance)

1Ω or less Õ Normal Circuit

1MΩ or Higher Õ Open Circuit

  1. Disconnect connectors (A), (C) and measure resistance between connector (A) and (C) as shown in (FIG.

    2).

In (FIG.2.) the measured resistance of line 1 and 2 is higher than 1kΩ and below 1 Ω respectively.

Specifically the open circuit is line 1 (Line 2 is normal). To find exact break point, check sub line of line 1 as described in next step.

  1. Disconnect connector (B), and measure for resistance between connector (C) and (B1) and between (B2) and (A) as shown in (FIG. 3).

    In this case the measured resistance between connector (C) and (B1) is higher than 1MΩ and the open circuit is between terminal 1 of connector (C) and terminal 1 of connector (B1).

  1. Voltage Check Method

a. With each connector still connected, measure the voltage between the chassis ground and terminal 1 of each connectors (A), (B) and (C) as shown in (FIG. 4).

The measured voltage of each connector is 5V, 5V and 0V respectively. So the open circuit is between
connector (C) and (B).

  • Check Short Circuit
  1. Test Method for Short to Ground Circuit
  • Continuity Check with Chassis Ground

If short to ground circuit occurs as shown in (FIG. 5), the broken point can be found by performing Step 2 (Continuity Check Method with Chassis Ground) as shown below.

  1. Continuity Check Method (with Chassis Ground)

Warning

Lightly shake the wire harness above and below, or from side to side when measuring the resistance.

Specification (Resistance)

1Ω or less Õ Short to Ground Circuit

1MΩ or Higher Õ Normal Circuit

a. Disconnect connectors (A), (C) and measure for resistance between connector (A) and Chassis Ground as shown in (FIG. 6).

The measured resistance of line 1 and 2 in this example is below 1 Ω and higher than 1MΩ respectively.

Specifically the short to ground circuit is line 1 (Line 2 is normal). To find exact broken point, check the sub line of line 1 as described in the following step.

b. Disconnect connector (B), and measure the resistance between connector (A)

b. Disconnect connector (B), and measure the resistance between connector (A) and chassis ground, and
between (B1) and chassis ground as shown in (FIG. 7).

The measured resistance between connector (B1) and chassis ground is 1Ω or less. The short to ground
circuit is between terminal 1 of connector (C) and terminal 1 of connector (B1).

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