KIA Niro: Tire Pressure Monitoring System

Tire Pressure Monitoring System / Components And Components Location

  1. BCM (TPMS)
  2. TPMS Sensor (FL)
  3. TPMS Sensor (RL)
  4. TPMS Sensor (RR)
  5. TPMS Sensor (FR)



  • Tire Under Inflation / Leak Warning.
  1. Turn on condition
  • When tire pressure is below allowed threshold
  • When rapid leak is detected by the sensor.
  • Indicates that tire needs to be re-inflated to placard pressure / repaired.
  1. Turn off condition
  • Under-inflation: When tire pressure is above warning threshold + hysteresis
  • Rapid Leak: When tire pressure is above leak warning threshold

DTC Warning

  1. Turn on condition
  • When the system detects a fault outside the receiver/ sensor
  • When the system detects a receiver fault
  • When the system detects a sensor fault
  1. Turn off condition
  • If the fault is considered 'critical', then the lamp stays on throughout the current ignition cycle (even if the DTC has been demoted). This is because it is important to bring the problem to the driver's attention. On the following ignition cycle, the demotion conditions will be re-checked. If the demotion conditions occur, the lamp will be turned off. It will stay on until DTC demotion checking is completed.
  • 'Non-critical' faults are those that can occur temporarily e.g. vehicle battery under voltage. The lamp is therefore turned off when the DTC demotion condition occurs.


  • When driving in high altitude grades, it is natural for the atmospheric pressure to decrease.

    Therfore, please check the tire pressure and add more air as necessary.

  • Tire pressure can be decreased naturally due to decrease in ambient temperature (especially in winter). In this case, fill tires with air to the specification if warning lamp is illuminated as this is natural phenomenon.

System Fault

  1. General Function
  • The system monitors a number of inputs across time in order to determine that a fault exists.
  • Faults are prioritized according to the most likely cause.
  • Up to 15 faults can be saved.
  • Certain faults are not covered through DTC. These include:
  1. Sensor thermal shutdown (over 257ºF/125ºC).
  2. Stuck Ignition Line: requires observation of lamps at Ignition ON to diagnose.


 Troubleshooting - Tire Pressure Monitoring System

TPMS Inspection method Inspection Warning Find the inspection number by referring to the table above. The following content is irrelevant of the inspection procedure. Warning lamp types Stays on without blinking : Low pressure tir

 TPMS Sensor Repair procedures

Removal Remove the valve core and deflate the tire. Remove the side of the tire bead area from the wheel using tire changing machine . Warning The tire bead should be broken approx. 90º from the valve side of the wheel. The be

 TPMS Receiver Repair procedures

Removal Disconnect the battery negative cable. Remove the glove box. (Refer to Body - "Glove Box Housing") Disconnect the blower motor connector (A). Disconnect the body control module (BCM) connector (A). Loos


 Compression Pressure Inspection

Warning If the there is lack of power, excessive oil consumption or poor fuel economy, measure the compression pressure. Warm up and stop the engine. Allow the engine to warm up to normal operating temperature. Remove the air cleaner. (R

 On-vehicle Inspection

Warning Check that the auxiliary 12V battery cables are connected to the correct terminals. Disconnect the auxiliary 12V battery cables when the battery is given a quick charge. Never disconnect the auxiliary 12V battery while the engin